When you start the mail client for the first time an assistent will help you to configure your email account.
If you haven't configure an email-account choose the typ "E-Mail-Konto" and click weiter.
Enter a name for this account in "Ihr Name", this is not relevant for the configuration, but necessary for differing the individual accounts.
Enter your email-address in "E-Mail-Adresse". If you are student, it's your matric no. In case of choosing an email-alias enter it here. Example:
While using your ZIM-account enter your username. Example: firstname.lastname@example.org
Thunderbird will detect all settings automatically.
After clicking the "finish" button Thunderbird will check your settings and the setup is done.